individual antioxidants top bar
Individual Antioxidants

Heart Disease


Glycemic Index




Natural Medicine


Contact Us



Site Directory

Natural Health Blog

About Us

Link to Us

Enter your Email to receive our FREE newsletter

Preview |

Which individual antioxidants do what?

individual antioxidants image 1

Different individual antioxidants have different properties and contribute to health in different systems. Whilst this may sound complicated (it is!), here are some of the major components you should look for along with their main properties.

Alpha Lipoic Acid
• A vitamin-like substance that has impressive antioxidant properties and may play an important role in supporting longevity.
• Plays a key role in supporting the conversion of glucose to energy. Essential for metabolism and muscle stamina.
• Alpha lipoic acid conserves vitamin F and C in the body and helps to recycle these two important nutrients.
• it works synergistically with vitamins E and C in a regenerative cycle that includes glutathione.
• All of these antioxidant molecules rely on each other to work properly.
• Alpha lipoic acid energises metabolism, supports the nervous and immune systems, and supports the body’s defence against free radical damage.
• Alpha lipoic acid is both fat and water soluble, which means that it can work on the inside and outside of the cell membrane to fight free radicals.
• Alpha lipoic acid is the main healt-giving component of coconut oil, widely held to be the healthiest oil available.

• Also known as Vitamin P this comprises a group of water-soluble substances.
• Between 600 and 800 bioflavonoids have been identified in fruits vegetables, nuts, seeds, leaves, flowers and barley.
• Bioflavonoids possess well-researched free radical scavenging power and highest concentrations are found in the citrus fruits.
• Bioflavonoids contribute to glutathione concentrations in the body and the regeneration of several individual antioxidants, including vitamins A and C.
• These antioxidants support capillary and connective tissue strength, as well as the health of the immune system.

individual antioxidants image 2

Carotenoids (e.g. beta-carotene)
• A fat-soluble molecule found in several yellow and orange vegetables.
• Works synergistically with selenium and vitamin E.
• Carotenoids protect plants from damage caused by the formation of free radicals upon exposure to sunlight.
• These same free radical scavenging effects can be gained from consuming carotenoid-containing substances.
• Carotenoids support the cardiovascular system and healthy cellular function, as well as many other biological processes.

Co-enzyme 010
• An important antioxidant found in all living cells.
C. A key component in energy production in the cell and supports the strengthening of the cell membrane.
• Supports all systems in the body and is especially important for the heart. . . our most metabolically active organ.
• Works in conjunction with vitamin F and as a good antioxidant.

• Copper provides support for keeping our skin, blood vessels and connective tissue supple and elastic.
• Copper supports the activity of several antioxidants and thereby contributes to fighting free radical damage.
• This mineral is important in supplements containing zinc and bet-carotene.

N-acetyl Cysteine
• An acetylated form of the amino acid cysteine.
• It helps the body to synthesise glutathione, an important antioxidant.
• N-acetyl cysteine’s contribution to the glutathione/vitamin cascade is essential.

Ellagic Acid
• A phenolic compound, like the bioflavonoids, found in grape seed extract.
• Phenolic compounds provide powerful free radical scavenging ability and promote cellular health, by preventing oxidative damage.

individual antioxidants image 3

• Essential for supporting vitamin C’s free radical scavenging abilities.
• Found in the liver in order to help with detoxification, as well as in the bloodstream, lungs and intestinal systems.
• A required component in carbohydrate metabolism.
• Levels of glutathione decrease with age, therefore affecting many functions.
• Glutathione is an important antioxidant itself and is regenerated by alpha lipoic acid.

Grape Seed Extract
• Contains a high content of proanthocyanidins.
• These compounds are powerful antioxidants that support vision health and capillary strength, providing a general sense of well-being.
• Grape seed extract also contains potent bioflavonoids that not only add antioxidant power, but also provides strong support for the circulatory system.
• Some researchers believe that grape seed extract may help vitamin C enter the cell, assisting uptake and utilisation.

Decaffeinated Green Tea Extract
Contains a 90% catechin content.
Catechins are types of polyphenols, which have strong antioxidant properties.
• Green Tea contains the richest concentration of catechins when compared to other forms of tea, such as black tea.
• Assists against oxidation of lipids (which causes free radical formation)
• Supports the circulatory and immune systems, as well as cellular function.

• A cell membrane stabiliser. a hydroxyl radical scavenger and growth supporter.
• Inositol supports musculoskeletal health and may help with the signs of aging.
• Inositol is a natural sugar found in the muscles that assists glucose uptake.

Potassium Sulphate
• Potassium sulphate may help with cellular energy and assists the body in its fight against oxidative stress.
• Key element in the antioxidant cascading process.
• Sulphur is critical to detoxification.

• A strong individual antioxidant derived from citrus fruits.
• Part of the bioflavonoid complex that is widely regarded as one of the strongest families of antioxidants
• Provides strong support for all body systems.

• A powerful phytonutrient (plant extract) found in grape skins, showing good antioxidant ability. Has been identified as the healthiest aspect of red wine.
• Resveratrol is produced in the plant as part of its defence system.
• May help to maintain healthy skin and immune system health.
Research is currently being conducted on this newly discovered antioxidant to identify its additional health supporting qualities.

Rosemary Officinalis Extract
• Possesses the cascading ability to regenerate vitamin E.
• This allows vitamin E to continue scavenging.
• Participates in the carnosic acid cascade.
• This enables its molecules to repeatedly scavenge free radicals.

Selenium Selenomethionine
• Selenium is a powerful antioxidant that promotes healthy cell division.
• Selenium enhances the antioxidant effect of vitamin E and activates glutathione.
• It also plays a strong role in healthy immune system functioning.
• Methionine, an amino acid, acts as a carrier for selenium, which helps it to be easily absorbed through the intestinal tract.

• Beneficial in supporting the nervous system.
• Taurine is a sulphur-containing amino acid antioxidant that helps maintain the proper concentration of ions within cells.
• Provides support for cardio and cellular health, and is found mostly in the brain and heart.

Turmeric Extract (curcuminoid)
• One of the most powerful antioxidants found today.
• Not only fights against existing free radicals, but also helps in the fight against free radical formation.

Vitamin A (Retinol, beta-carotene)
• Required for the growth and development of the embryo and for the differentiation and maturation of all tissues.
• Especially important for healthy eyes and skin
• Found in oily fish, liver and bright red/yellow/orange vegetables.
• Especially important for countering free-radicals generated by electromagnetic radiation (light, x-rays etc.)

Vitamin C
• An extremely important antioxidant and body nutrient needed for many biological functions.
• Over 80% of regular vitamin C is eliminated within 24 hours
• Esterified Vitamin C is a bonded form of vitamin C molecules that enhances its power and retention in the body.
• Only about 5% of esterified vitamin C is eliminated in 24 hours, allowing it to be retained for up to three days in the body.
• Important in the antioxidant cascade as it is highly effective at regenerating vitamin E.

Vitamin E
• Natural vitamin F provides maximum effectiveness and absorption.
• May increase absorption of other nutrients
• Involved in several cascading interactions with other antioxidants such as glutathione, selenium and vitamin C.

White Pine Bark Extract
• A water-soluble flavonoid with an almost 500 year old history of medical use.
• Assists the enzymes necessary for the regeneration of glutathione.
• White pine bark extract provides superior antioxidant power.

Zinc Monomethionine
• This form of zinc is easily absorbed and retained in the body.
• It is vital for over 70 different enzyme systems and the metabolism of vitamins A and E.
• Zinc supports the body’s natural defences, reproductive and musculoskeletal systems.

Back from individual-antioxidants to antioxidants

Related Links

Essential fatty acids
Plant extracts
Trace elements


SLS-free products bottom barDisclaimer Contact us
2002-2007 Copyright All Rights Reserved individual antioxidants

Health Information

Avoiding bird-flu - How to escape the promised avian flu pandemic

All about Natural Health -
Our best selling guide to Natural Health

Donate for a FREE ebook

Natural Health

Glycemic index

Nutritional supplements

Vitamins & Minerals

Womens health

  - lowering your cholesterol
  - High cholesterol diet
  - Healthy cholesterol levels

Heart Disease



Omega 3

Hydrogenated fats



Beast Cancer Bracelets

Hydrogenated fats

Food Additives


Trans fats

Weight Management

Sponsored links